• Rupantar Roy

Best Indoor Herb Plants

Best Indoor Herb Plants. Growing your indoor herb garden is a great way to able to enjoy having fresh herbs all year long even if you live in a climate with cold winters. Keeping herbs indoors also makes cooking with fresh herbs really convenient because you only need to step over to your windowsill, together all the fresh herbs you need to flavor your meals. For this article, I picked 10 herbs that are some of the easiest ones to grow and that will all do well when grown indoors.

If you have the room and enough sunny windows, you could certainly grow all ten of these herbs for an amazing indoor herb garden! For most of us, though, we probably need to pick and choose which herbs we have the room to grow.

This article would be help you to grow herb properly.

Some herbs need quite a bit of sunlight and will only do well if you are able to put them in a sunny window. Other herbs will do just fine in an east or west facing window that doesn't get as much sunlight.

Herb plants

Herbs That Prefer Plenty Of Sun :

  1. Basil

  2. Chives

  3. Oregano

  4. Rosemary

  5. Thyme

  6. Sage Basil :

Basil is an annual, or sometimes perennial, herb used for its leaves. Depending on the variety, plants can reach between 30 cm to 150 cm. Its leaves are richly green ovate, but otherwise come in a wild variety of sizes and shapes depending on cultivar.

Nutritional value per 100 g

Energy - 94 KJ

Carbohydrates - 2.65 g

Dietary fiber - 1.6 g

Fat - 0.64 g

Protein - 3.15 g

              Vitamins                                                                                            Quantity                                                             

V-A                                                                                                        264  micro gram

Thiamine (B1)                                                                                       0.034 miligram

Riboflavin (B2)                                                                                     0.076 miligram

Niacin (B3)                                                                                            0.902 miligram

Pantothenic Acid (B5)                                                                         0.209 miligram

V-B6                                                                                                       0.155 miligram

Folate (B9)                                                                                             68 micro gram

Choline                                                                                                   11.4 miligram

V-C                                                                                                         18.0 miligram

V-E                                                                                                          0.80 miligram

V-K                                                                                                          414.8 micro gram 

 Minerals                                                                                              Quantity

Calcium                                                                                                  177 milligram

copper                                                                                                    0.385 milligram

Iron                                                                                                          3.17 milligram

Magnesium                                                                                             64 milligram

Manganese                                                                                              1.148 milligram

Phosphorus                                                                                              56 milligram

Potassium                                                                                                295 milligram

Selenium                                                                                                  0.3 milligram

Sodium                                                                                                     4 micro gram 

 Zinc                                                                                                          0.81 micro gram

Other Constituents                                                                                           Quantity

Water                                                                                                                  92.06 gram

Basil plant

Description :

There are many varieties of basil, as well as several related species or hybrids also called basil. This type used commonly as a flavor is typically called sweet basil, as opposed to "the basil" and "holly basil". While most common varieties of basil are treated as annuals, some are perennial in warm, tropical climates, including holly basil and cultivar known as "African Blue Basil".


In cook :

Basil is most commonly used fresh in recipes, in general, it is added at the last moment, as cooking quickly destroys the favor, The fresh herb can be kept for a short time in plastic bags in the refrigerator, or for a longer period in the freezer, after being 'blanched' quickly in boiling water. The dried herb also loses most of its flavor, and what little flavor, remains tastes very different, with a weak Couperin flavor, like hey.

Basil is one of the main ingredients in pesto a green Italian oil-and -herb. Chinese also use fresh or dried basil in soups and other foods. In Taiwan, people add fresh basil leaves to thick soups. They also eat fried chicken with deep fried basil leaves. Basil is commonly steeped in cream or milk to create an interesting in ice cream or chocolates. The leaves  are not the only part of basil used in culinary applications, the flower buds have a more subtle flavor and they are edible.

Folk medicines :

In folk medicines practices, such as those of Ayurveda or traditional Chinese medicine, basil is thought to have there a pectic properties.

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Oregano Tree :

Oregano is related to the herb marjoram sometimes being referred to us wild marjoram. Oregano has purple flowers and spade-shaped, olive green leaves. It is a perminal, although it is grown as an annual in colder climates, as it often does not survive the winter. Oregano loves sun and warmth. Oregano is perennial herb, growing from 20-80 cm tall, with opposite leaves 1-4 cm long. The flower are purple, 3-4 cm long produced in erect spikes, it is some times called wild marjoram, and it close relative, old marjoram is known as sweet marjoram.

Description : 

Oregano doesn't survive in winter. It is planted in early spring, the plant being spaced 30 cm apart in fairly dry soil with full sun. Oregano will grow in a ph range between 6.0 to 9.0. with a preferred range between 6.0 and 8.0. It prefers a hot, relatively dry climate, but does well in other environments.

Uses :

Oregano is a culinary herb, used for the flavor of its leaves. Which can be more falloreful when dried than fresh. It has an aromatic, warm and slighter bitter taste, which can be very in intensity. Good quality oregano may be strong enough almost to numb the tongue, but cultivars adapted to colder climates may have a less flavor. Factors such as climate, season, and soil composition may effect the aromatic oil present, and this effect may be greater than the difference between the various species of plants. among the chemical compounds contributing to the flavor are carvocrol, thyme, limone, pinned, ocimene and caryhyllene. There it is most frequently used with roasted, fried or grille vegetables, meat and fish. Oregano combines well with spicy foods popular in southern Italy. It is less commonly used in the north of the country, as marjoram generally is preferred. The herb is widely used n cuisines of the Mediterranean basic, the Philippines, and Latin america, especially in Argentine cuisine.

In Turkish cuisine, oregano is mostly used for flavoring meat, especially for mutton and lamb. In barbecue and kebab restaurants, it can be usually found as a condiment, together with paprika, salt and paper.

 The dried and grounded leaves are most often used in grace to add flavor to Greek salad and is usually added to the lemon olive oil sauce that accompanies fish or meat grills and casseroles.

Oregano oil

This oil has been used in folk medicines in own centuries. oregano essential oil is extracted from the leaves of the oregano plant. Although oregano or its oil may be used as a dietary supplement. There is no chemical evidence to indicate that either has any effect on human health.

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Chives : 

Chives are a bulb forming herbaceous peremial plant, growing to 30-50 cm tall. The grass like leaves, which are shorter than the scaps, are also hollow and tubular, or terete which distinguishes it at a glance from garlic chives.

Nutritional value per 100 g 

Energy -126 KJ  

Carbohydrates-4.35 g

Sugar-1.85 g

Dietary fibes-2.5 g

Fat- 0.73 g

Protein- 3.27 g

Vitamins  Quantity

V-A                                                                                                          218 micro gram

Thaimine (B1)                                                                                         0.078 milligram

Riboflavin (B2)                                                                                       0.115 milligram

Niacin (B3)                                                                                              0.647 milligram

Pantothenic Acid (B5)                                                                           0.324 milligram

V-B6                                                                                                        0.138 milligram

Folate (B9)                                                                                              105 micro gram

V-C                                                                                                          58.1 micro gram

V-E                                                                                                           0.21 micro gram

V-K                                                                                                         212.7 micro gram

Minerals                                                                                                    Quantity

Calcium                                                                                                      92 micro gram

Iron                                                                                                              1.6 milligram          Magnesium                                                                                                 42 milligram           Manganese                                                                                                0.373 milligram       Phosphorus                                                                                                58 micro gram       Potassium                                                                                                  296 micro gram

Zinc                                                                                                             0.56 micro gram

chives are commonly used herb and can be found  in grocery stores or grown in home gardens. In culinary use, the scapes and the opened, in nature flower buds are diced and used as an ingredient for fish, potatoes, soups and other dishes. The edible flowers can be used in salads, chives have insect repelling properties that can be used in gardens to control pests.


Chives are a bulb forming herbaceous pernnial plant, growing to 30-50 cm tall. The bulbs are slends, comical, 2-3 cm long and 1 cm broad and grow in dence clusters from the roots. The scapes are hallow and tubular, up to 50 cm long and 2-3 mm across with a soft texture. The grass like leaves which are shorter than the scapes are also hollow and tubular or terete, which distinguishes it at a glance from garlic chives. The flower are pale purple and star- shaped with six petals, 1-2 cm wide, and produce in a dense inflorescence of 10-30 together. The seeds are produce in a small, three valved capsule, maturing in summer.


The medicinal properties of chives are similar to those of garlic, but weaker; the faint effects in comparison with garlic are probably the main reason for their limited use as medicinal herb. They also have mild stimulant, diuretic and antiseptic properties. As chives are usually served in small amounts and never as the main dish, negatives effects rarely encountered , although digestive problems may occur following over consumption.

chives are also provide in V-A and C, contain oregano sulfur compounds and are rich in calcium and iron.

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This is a fragrant evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean. It is used as a culinary continent to make bodily perfume and for its potential health benefits. Rosemary is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, along with many other herbs, such as oregano, thyme, basil and lavender. This herb not only tastes good in culinary dishes such as rosemary chicken and lamb but it is also a good source of iron, calcium and V-B6.

It is typically prepared as a whole dried herb or a dried pouldered extract while teas and liquid extracts ar made from fresh or dried leaves.

The herb has been hailed since ancient times for its medicinal properties. Rosemary was traditionally used to help allcuiate muscle pain, improve memory, boost the immunity and circulatory system, and promote hair growth.

Description :Rosemary is a perminal plant.The leaves are often used in cooking.Possible health benefits include improved concentration , digestion and brain again.very high does may cause vomiting, coma and pulmonary edema.

Rosemary is a reach source of antioxidants and anti inflammatory compounds, which are thought to help boost the immune system and improve blood circulation.

Laboratory studies have shown rosemary to be rich in antioxidants, which play an important role in neutralizing harmful practicals called radicals.

In Europe rosemary is often used to help treat indigestion, in fact Germany commission E has approved rosemary for the treatment of indigestion. However it should be noted that there is currently no meaningful scientific evidence to support this claim.

According to research outlined in Therapeutic advances in psychopharmacology. The aroma front rosemary can improve  a person's concentration, performance, sped, and accuracy and to a leases their mood.


Normally rosemary is usually safe when take in low does. However extremely large does can trigger serious side effects, although this is rare, Just like: vomiting, spasms, coma, pulmonary edema. and this is not advisable for pregnant women to take any supplement rosemary.

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This is a Mediterranean herb with dietary, medicinal and ornamental uses, the flowers leaves and oil of thyme have been used to treat a range of symptoms and complaints.

Description:Thyme is thought to have antibacterial, insecticidal, and possibly anti fungal properties.People used thyme thought history for enblaming  and to protect from the balk death.Forms of thyme include fresh and dried  herbs and essential oil.


High blood pressure: 

Reserchable report found that an aqueous extract obtained from wild thyme reduced blood pressure in tests on rates. Rates respond to hypertension in a similar way to people, so the findings might have implications for humans.


Breast Cancer:

Researches in turkey looked at the effect of wild thyme on breast cancer activity, and specifically how it apoptosis or cell death, and gene related even in breast cancer cells.

They found that wild thyme caused cell death in breast cancer cells.

Yeast infection:

The fungus candidatures is a common cause of yeast infection in the mouth and Virginia, a recurring condition called 'thrush'.

Reserchable report found that essential oil of thyme significantly enhanced the destruction of the C. albicans fungus in the human body.

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Sage also called common sage or garden sage, aromatic herb of the mint family cultivated for this pungent leaves. Sage is native to the Mediterranean region and is used fresh or dried as a flowering in many foods, particular in stuffings for poultry and pork and in sausages. Some varieties are also grown as ornamental for their attractive leaves and flowers. Several other species of the genus Silvia are also known as sage.


Sage is a perennial plant and grows about 60 cm tall. The oval leaves are rough wrinkled and usually downy: the color ranges from gray-green to whitish green, and some varieties are variegated. The flowers are borne in spikes and feature tubular two lipped corollas that are attractive to a variety of pollinators including bees butterfly and humming birds. The flowers can be purple pink white or red and produce nu treat fruits. Once prized for its medicinal value, the most popular use of sage these days is in the stuffing for the thanks giving turkey, But sage is much to good to bring out only once a year for the holiday dinner.


In dishes: Sage is an ever green shrub with dusty gray green leaves and woody steams. There are many varieties of sage, but the species used for culinary purpose as a seasoning is known as a common sage, garden, or saliva officials. Sage is prized as a seasoning for its strong aroma earthly flavor. In addition to culinary used medicinally and even simply as an ornamental shrub.

Sage is known for the distinct taste it gives to classic holiday stuffings. But it also is a flavor powerhouse in been dishes, tomato sauces, omelets, polenta pesto and sage butter for pasta and trout.

Sage is often paired with other herbs such as thyme, marjoram and rosemary and harmonizes well with garlic, onion and bay leaf.

The earthy taste of sage creates a nice contrast with sweet or acid flavor and is therefore often paired with pineapple. Sage can also be infused into simple syrups as an addition to cocktails and other beverages.

The large leaves of sage, so if you want a mild sage taste, add it close to the end of the cooking process; if you like your sage flavor more robust, add at the beginning. But a little goes a long way: If your never used sage before, add just a bit at first and see how you like it and add more to taste.

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Indoor plants

Herbs that don't need as much sun: 

  1. Chervil

  2. Lemon Balm

  3. Mint

  4. Parsley

When you are growing an indoor herbs garden, you have a few different options for growing your herbs. You can start your garden from seeds. You can buy seedling from given this link, or you can transplant or take cuttings from plants in you outdoor herbs garden if you have one.

Here, I will b show some herbs who don't need as much sun and easy to growing information for each herbs.


This is a delicate culinary herb used frequently in french cuisine. It is a member of the parsley family with a mild flavor. It is sometime called french parsley. Chervil leaves are delicate and curly some what resembling carrot greens. They are little paler and have frillier leaves than flat-leaf parsley. Some branches have tightly closed leaves. You may find bunches that have blossoms, but you should avoid those because the herb will have turned bitter. Chervil prefer less sunlight than other herbs and will be able to grow in window sill that don't get much sun. Chervil also likes cooler temperatures, remember don't get overly water in this plant.


This Plant grow to 40-70 cm with trip innate leaves that may be curly. Th small white flowers from small umbels, 2.5-5 cm across. The fruit is about 1 cm long, oblong-ovoid with a slender, ridged beak.


In cook: Chervil is used in young spring vegetables. Such as carrot, soups and sauces. You can added this heroes at the last minute in any dishes, to salads, omelettes, and soups.

In Health: Chervil has had various uses in folk medicine. It was claimed to be useful as a digestive aid, for lowering high blood pressure, and infused with vinegar, for curing hiccups

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Lemon Balm:

This is a herb in the mint family. It is often used for culinary purpose to make teas, marinate chicken or fish or flavor  baked foods and jams. lemon balm is also believed to trust a range of medical disorders affecting the digestive tract nervous system and liver. This herb doesn't need as much as some others herbs do. you can be grow this herb from seeds and purchase from this link:

Description: It grows to a maximum height of 70-150 am. The leaves have a mild lemon scent similar to mint. During summer, small white flower full of nectar appear. The leaves are used as a herb, in teas, and also as a flowering: The plant is  used to be attract bees for honey production. The tea of lemon balm, the essential oil, and the extract are used in traditional  and alternative medicine, including aromatherapy.

Uses: This plant is used to attract bees to make honey. It s also grown  and sold as an ornamental plants. The essential oil is used as a perfume ingredient . Lemon Balm is used in some toothpastes. It is used as a flavoring in ice creme and herbal trees, both hot and iced often combination with other herbs such as spearmint. It is common addition to peppermint tea, mostly because of its complementing flavor.

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This is an annual herb indigenous to the Mediterranean region, but now cultivated worldwide, It has erect stems and bright green leaves. Two cultivators of parsley exist: a curly leaf type and a flat leaf type. Parsley produces an umbel of tiny flowers and characteristic ribbed seeds.

Nutritional value per 100 g

Energy- 151 KJ

Carbohydrates- 6.33 g

Sugar- 0.85 g

Dietary fiber- 3.3 g

Fat-0.79 g

Protein-2.97 g

Vitamins                                                                                                        Quantity

V-A                                                                                                               412 micro gram

Thiamine(B1)                                                                                               0.086 milligram

Riboflavin(B2)                                                                                              0.09 miligram

Niacin(B3)                                                                                                    1.313 miligram

Pantothanic Acid( B5)                                                                              0.4 miligram

V-B6                                                                                                               0.09 miligram      Flotate(B9)                                                                                                    152 microgram

V-C                                                                                                                 133 miligram

V-E                                                                                                                  0.75 miligram

V-K                                                                                                                 1640 micro gram

Minerals                                                                                                            Quantity

Calcium                                                                                                          138 miligram

Iron                                                                                                                 6.2 milligram

Magnesium                                                                                                     50 miligram

Manganese                                                                                                     0.16 miligram

Phosphorus                                                                                                     58 miligram

Potassium                                                                                                       554 milligram

Sodium                                                                                                           56 miligram

Zinc                                                                                                                1.07 miligram                                                                                                                                       


It grows a flowering stem to 75 cm tall with a sparser leaves and flat topped 3 to 10 cm diameter yellow to yellow long, with prominent style remnants at the place.

Uses: It is use often as a garnish. Green parsley is used often as a garnish on potato dishes on rice dishes, on fish, fried chicken, lamb goose and steaks as well in meat or vegetable stews. It is used for major Brazilian dishes including meat stews, soups, vegetables, salads, condiments sauces and stocks.

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Apple mint, spearmint and peppermint are the most popular varieties of mint that are cultivated worldwide. Mint is rich source of V-A, C and B2. It also contains valuable minerals such as calcium, copper and Magnesium. Fresh or dry leaves of mint are used in the preparation of hilarious sweet as salty dishes.

Description: Mint is small plant that can reach 40 to 47 inch in height. Steam is square shaped and divided in nodes. Leaves of mint can be dark green, grayish green or purple in color.

Leaves are grouped in pair that are oppositely arranged on the stem.

Uses: Mint essential oil and menthol are extensively used as flavorings in breath fresheners, drinks, toothpaste, chewing gym, desserts and candies such as mint chocolate. Menthol from essential oil is an ingredient of many cosmetics and some perfumes, this all are used in aromatherapy. Which may have clinical use to alleviate post surgery nausea.

Mint oil is also used as an environmentally friendly insecticide for its ability to kill some common pests such as wasps, hornets, ants and cockroaches.

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Growing you own "indoor herb plants" is easy for beginner and gardeners and anyone lacking a naturally green thumbs. With the right pot and a nice sunny spot on your windowsill you'll have plenty of herbs all year round. I hope you have find this article helpful.

Best Indoor Herb Plant
Best Indoor Herb Plants


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